Knowledge and skills they say is power and People go to tertiary institutions to acquire knowledge to gain power. Are they really acquiring this knowledge or the certificates? These are issues addressed by Dr. Christwealth.
On 30th November 30th, 2019, Dr. Kola Chriswealth delivered this speech on the tragedy of certificates without knowledge and skills as a guest speaker at African Youth Summit organised by Nigerian Youths Decide and Diamond Youth Transformation Initiative. It held at the Bolingo Hotels and Towers, Abuja.
Dr, Christwealth is a former Nigerian presidential candidate and a former member of the UK Labour party. He is an entrepreneur and a public speaker.
Below is a full text of his lecture which attracted youths and students from all over Nigeria.
Thank you for inviting me.
I am kola Olusola-Christwealth, a lover of education and youths. I am not a trained teacher nor an educationist but my love for education makes me to invest my time, life and resources in promoting it.
I am happy to be here.because of the diverse nature of the audience. My presentation will not be academic in anyway but simple and brief.
Nigerian youths and graduates have been so psychologically affected, dehumanized and demonized. Over the years, all they hear about themselves are the negatives. They have been made to believe they are failures and less in human value than their foreign counterparts.
It saddens me to hear that Nigerian graduates are not employable, not goal or result oriented, hasty about making money and of so many other negative tags.
I wish to disappoint all the negative taggers and labelers today and dare say, that Nigerian youths and graduates are naturally intelligent, focused, goal oriented and achieving but malformed, misinformed and misled by our obsolete, retrogressive, bad, dehumanizing educational system, parents and society.
Our educational system and policies have failed to help youths and graduates discover themselves and unveil their knowledge and skills. Our mode of examinations and evaluation are faulty. Our types of examinations and tests do not promote knowledge but merely the discipline to read, sit for an examination and get good grades.
These modes of tests and examinations exclude geniuses who do not have the ability for quick recollection of raw data, work under pressure or in a formal, strict settings but not less in abilities if other creative and positive forms of tests are applied.
First, let us look at key points of this presentation:
CERTIFICATE in the context we are looking at today is a document that testifies that the bearer has completed a specific training or education program. It is an evidence of a qualification. Your JSSCE, WASC, OND, HND, BSc etcetera is given at the end of your course or study to certify that you have education or grade in a particular subject area.
KNOWLEDGE is an acquiredunderstanding of a subject or an area of study and could be innate or learnt through experience, discovery or study.
SKILL: it is the demonstration of competence in a particular field or activity. Skills, like knowledge could be acquired or innate.
TRAGEDY is a calamity, misfortune, a lamentable event or affair causing distress, great suffering and pain.
Yes. Our youths and graduates are indeed in a tragic situation not caused by themselves but by parents, society and our awful educational system and policies.
THE CERTIFICATES OF OUR YOUTHS AND GRADUATES ARE NOT TOTALLY USELESS
By the time you look at the different types of knowledge as showcased in my presentation, you will discover that only few have been assessed by our educational system. The benefit of your certificate is that you now know your level in that narrow assessment and your joy should be that your certificate does not define you as you have several other knowledges that are not assessed. Assess yourself today in those areas where you have good knowledge and give yourself a thumbs up!
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OUR YOUTHS AND GRADUATES HAVE KNOWLEDGE
Knowledge is a practical or theoretical understanding of a particular subject or awareness or understanding of something.
QUESTION: DOES ANYONE HERE WANT TO TELL ME HE/SHE DOES NOT HAVE A KNOWLEDGE OF ANY PARTICULLAR SUBJECT, ISSUE OR THING WHETHER ACQUIRED IN SCHOOL, DISCOVERED OR INNATE?
Let us consider the different types of knowledge as enumerated by Hitesh Bhasin before we answer that question.
1) Posteriori knowledge:
Posteriori knowledge is a knowledge which is derived from practical experiences.
2) Priori knowledge:
A priori knowledge is deduced from first principles; it is the assumptions that come before any arguments, analysis or assessment.
A priori knowledge is commonly used in areas like logical thinking, mathematics, physics, and thought experiments. In the science field, scientific theories are developed and proved using priori evidence.
3) Dispersed knowledge:
Dispersed knowledge has no reliable source of truth. It is a condition where information about a matter is divided amongst many sources.
4) Domain knowledge:
Domain knowledge is ability, information, or understanding about a specific field, subject, profession, topic, or activity. This is what is primarily assessed in Nigerian schools.
5) Empirical knowledge:
This type of knowledge is attained from qualitative or quantitative observations, experiments, or measurements. Empirical information can be used to verify the truth or to prove the falsity of an argument.
6) Encoded knowledge:
This type of knowledge is conveyed by symbols and signs, like books, documents, manuals, notes, and codes of practice. This knowledge is helpful to produce an incorporated and predictable pattern of output and behavior in an organization.
7) Explicit or expressive knowledge:
This type of knowledge can be easily expressed, organized, and verbalized. It is put into words in a natural language like English, German, French etc. Therefore, it is easy to access and transmit to others. The information obtained from documents, encyclopedia, how-to-videos, or procedures is the best example of explicit knowledge.
8) Known unknowns and unknown unknown
Known unknowns type of knowledge is that type of knowledge that you know but you don’t know yet. This type of knowledge is very beneficial for someone because having the awareness that you don’t know something gives an opportunity to research and enhance.
“unknown unknown” are certain things that one doesn’t know exist. This type of knowledge is difficult to include in decision making.
This type of knowledge is knowledge about knowledge. Meta- knowledge is used to define things like tags, taxonomies, models, which are helpful to describe knowledge.
Quite a lot of academic areas like the study of books, epistemology, bibliography, or the philosophy of knowledge, are considered as Meta knowledge. Example of Meta knowledge is planning, modeling, learning, and tagging of domain knowledge.
10) Procedural knowledge:
Procedural knowledge is being aware of how to do something. Procedural knowledge involves more senses, such as practical experience, practice at solving problems etc.
11) Propositional or Descriptive knowledge:
Propositional knowledge is also known as descriptive, declarative, or constative knowledge. This type of knowledge can be represented in a natural or formal language such as mathematics or propositional logic, for instance, a rose is a flower, Moon is sub-planet of earth, a+b>b+c.
12) Situated knowledge:
Situated knowledge comes from a viewpoint. It reflects a context. For instance, American researcher can form a theory about Indians but it can be different from how Indians view themselves.
13) Tacit knowledge:
This type of knowledge is difficult to articulate, explain or attain, such as mastering to play a musical instrument or solving puzzles. It is also associated with unique experiences which allows selective people to achieve mastery in a particular art.
Emotional intelligence is the best example of tacit knowledge because it comes naturally to some people to use emotions to achieve results. Other than that intuition, strategy, problem-solving, and decision making are kind of tacit knowledge. Some people are naturally good at them.
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OUR YOUTHS AND GRADUATES HAVE SKILLS
There are innumerable number of skills and there is hardly any youth or graduate in Nigeria that does not have one, few or many of such skills.
- Analytical skills
- Coaching and mentoring skills
- Communication skills
- Conceptual skills
- Core Competencies
- Creative thinking skills
- Critical thinking skills
- Decision-making skills
- Humour Skills
- Interpersonal skills
- Language skills
- Management skills
- Marketing skills
- Nursing skills
- Organizational skills
- Problem-solving skills
- Project management skills
- Teaching skills
- Teamwork skills
- Technical skills
- Time management skills
- Writing skills
It is sad to say our youth or graduates do not have skills. We only need to look at each individual very closely to identify his skills and support him to use such skills optimally for the benefit of his organization, Nigeria and the world at large.
OUR YOUTHS AND GRADUATES CAN REVERSE THEIR TRAGEDY
If the world looks down on you, DON’T LOOK DOWN ON YOURSELF! Prove the negative taggers and labelers wrong. Analyse yourself, identify your knowledge and skill, demonstrate them proudly and confidently everywhere. You can add value and change the world with what you have.
Many Nigerian youths and graduates are shining globally in business, science, technology, entertainment and fashion; they are simply saying that Nigerian Youths and graduates are the best. These unique class of shining stars only discovered themselves. Join their league.
SHOW THEM YOUR UNIQUENESS.
UNVEIL THE GENIUS IN YOU!